1500 - Pelbart of Timisoara publishes an edition of his work in Hagenau;
1718 - attestation of Romania's oldest brewery;
1718 - opening of the first elementary school in the fortress,the first one in Romania
1728 - the beginning of river Bega's canalization the first navigable channel in Romania
1745 - building of the city hospital the first one in Romania(24 years before the one in Vienna and 34 years before Budapest)
1753 - permanent theatrical season(the 3rd city after Vienna and Budapest)
1760 - the first city of the monarchy with street lighting(with suet and oil)
1771 - publishing of the first newspaper in Romania and the first German newspaper in south-eastern Europe: "Temeswarer Nachrichten"
1815 - the first library in the Austro-Hungarian Empire
1819 - the administration of smallpoz vaccination for the first time in central Europe
1823 - Janos Bolyai lays the foundations of the first non-Euclidian geometry in the world
1847 - Johann Strauss, the son, holds his first concert outside Vienna in the brewery's courtyard
1857 - the first Romanian city(and monarchy's) with gas lighting
1867 - the first Romanian city with a tram pulled by horses
1869 - the first Romanian city with a regular fluvial traffic of passengers
1884 - the first European city with electrical street lighting
1886 - the first emergency service in Romania and Hungary
1899 - the first electrical tram in Romania
1938 - the first welding machinery for train and tram rails called "Taurus"
1953 - the only European theatre house where they played in three languages:Romanian, Hungarian and German
1969 - the first electronic computer in Romania
1989 - the first communism-free city in Romania
1996 - the birth of the first baby through embryo transfer to the carrying mother
2000 - the first Romanian city with a socio-economic development strategy
2001 - the first network of info-kiosks in Romania
2001 - the first heart operation with laser in Romania
2002 - the first tax payment system on the Internet in Romania
2003 - the first sculpture park in Romania
The Metropolitan Cathedral
It was built between 1936-1946.Its style blends harmoniously elements of Byzantine and old Romanian Moldavian architecture. The plan is cross-sharped; the towers are covered with enameled tile that forms typically Romanian adorning patterns. The large cupola is built in Moldavian style, the lateral vaults in Byzantine style and the floor is made of mosaic stylized after the pattern of Banat carpets. The 7 bells weigh together 8 tons;each corresponds to a music tone and has an inscription from the Holy texts. They were tuned by composer Sabin Dragoi.
The Romanian Opera House
It was built between 1872-1875 after the design of the Viennese architects Hellmer and Fellner in Renaissance style. It was seriously damaged by two fires and rebuilt between 1923-1928, except for the lateral sides. The facade and the performance room are neo-Byzantine, while the lateral sides are built in original Rennaissance style.
The oldest square of the city, built in baroque style, hosts the Catholic Dome, the Serbian Church, the German school N.Lenau, the monument of the Holy Trinity and a mineral water well.
AT A GLANCE
One of the oldest squares os the city. You can admire the Old City Hall, St. John Npomuk's monument, Count De Soro's Palace(known as the Military House), Decebal's bust, the king of Dacians.
The Huniade Castle
It was built between 1307-1315 by Italian craftsmen to be King Carol Robert de Anjou's residence. It was destroyed and rebuilt many times. It includes Roman and Gothic 's elements of architecture. It was a royal residence at first, then a barrack and a military warehouse, and since 1946 it has been housing the Museum of Banat(history and natural sciences sections).
What is left of Timisoara's old fortress walls
TIMISOARA - THE CITY OF FLOWERS AND PARKS
Timisoara is famous as the city of flowers and parks because there is a great number of parks and one can crossthe city by walking from one park into another
The Park of Roses
The most beautiful park in the city where you can admire a remarkable garden of roses.You can take a rest on the benches surrounded by thousands of roses of various species. The park is also arranged for cultural events that take place in open air: the "Festival of Hearts" - international folklore festival, Ruga Banateana - The Banat Celebration, etc
The Botanical Garden
It is a true oasis of calmness in the middle of the city, hosting a great variety of threes and flowers from different continents.
It is situated on the left side of the Bega channel and impresses through the special arranging and through the diversity of plants and threes.
The Flower Clock
The people from Timisoara proved that they can make almost anything from flowers.
TIMISOARA - THE CITY OF LIGHTS
You cand discover the special building architecture highlighted by the artistic lighting.
Timisoara was the first Romanian city to introduce public gas lighting in 1857 and the first European city to introduce public electrical light in 1884.
On summer nights,you can take a nice walk on Bega's banks and admire a fairytale view from the lights tht mirror in water
CULTURAL EVENTS IN TIMISOARA
- The Great Romanian Union show
- Valentine's Day
- International Women's Day
- Students' Festival 'StudentFest'
- Europe's Day
- Beer Festival
- The International Festival 'Musical Timisoara' DKMT days
- 'Timisoara - Little Vienna' Festival
- Children's Celebrations
- Banat ethnic groups' festival of traditions
- 'Festival of Hearts' - international folklore festival
- Timisoara's Day
- Opera and Operetta Festival
- 'Ruga Timisoarei' - religious celebration
- 'George Enescu' musci days
- Wine Festival
- Urban electronic music festival
- Romanian Theatre Festival
- International Flute Festival
- Blues-Jazz Gala
- Romania's National Day
- Christmas Celebrations
- Sacred Music Days
A FEW TIPS FOR VISITORS IN TIMISOARA
- The Bastion looks impressive in autumn when the ivy spread on its walls is red like fire
- The roses in the Park of Roses put on a colorful show in May and June.
- Every summer weekend, the Museum of the Banat Village organizes various folklore shows
- You can visit, together with a guide, the basement of the Metropolitan Cathedral where you can find a permanent collection of religious art objects, 16th-19th century icons on wood and glass, books and ancient manuscripts.
- Timisoara was built on a swamp. Therefore, there were great difficulties when building the foundations of the houses. The Opera House was built on 1600 huge oak pillars.
- The house with an iron axis:opposite the Dicasterial Palace there is a building that has a niche in its wall with a 2,5 m long iron axis, dating from the 18th century. The legend has it that this should be the axle of the war chariot that Prince Eugene of Savoya brought inside the fortress in 1716, thus defeating the Turks.
- Beethoven's lover lived in Timisoara and was the wife of a city official. She was buried somewhere in the cemetery on Lipova Avenue.
- At the entrance in the Old City Hall ther is an inscription allegedly written in Tukish, dating back to 17 th century; it is supposed that there was a Turkish bath
- "Timisoara map and its touristic attractions", Timisoara City Hall, Tourist Information Centre
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